Wood Species 101: Douglas Fir

This week we are going to talk about Douglas Fir! This species was named after the person who first identified its family and variety in North America, the Scottish botanist David Douglas.

RealCraft Wood Species 101 series: Douglas Fir

The Douglas Fir tree is easily spotted in the Pacific Northwest of the US and in some parts of Canada. The tree itself is categorized as a medium-size specimen. However, in some areas, the tree can grow up to an impressive size of 330 feet!

You might also recognize this species for its seasonal appearance at the end of the year. The Douglas Fir tree is one of the tree species used as Christmas Trees! 

The construction industry loves Douglas Fir due to its relatively lightweight and strength and resistance.

 

Names

RealCraft Wood Species 101 series: Douglas Fir names

Common names: Douglas fir, Douglas-for, Oregon Pine, Columbian Pine, Puget Sound Pine.

Scientific name: Pseudotsuga menziesii

 

Geographic Distribution 

RealCraft Wood Species 101 series: Douglas Fir Geographic Distribution

Natural from North America, the highest density of Douglas Fir it is still in British Columbia, California, Oregon, and Washington.

 

Wood Appearance 

RealCraft Wood Species 101 series: Douglas Fir Geographic Distribution Wood Appearance
The sapwood is light in color and of narrow width. The heartwood ranges from yellowish to reddish-brown. The wood has a fine to medium texture, is straight-grained and non-porous.

Common Uses

RealCraft Wood Species 101 series: Douglas Fir Common Uses
Resist and inexpensive, Douglas fir is widely use in the production of doors, flooring, veneer, construction. Douglas Fir is also a great option for butcher block countertops.

Price Range

RealCraft Wood Species 101 series: Douglas Fir Price Range
Due to its wide availability, Douglas Fir is a very affordable and inexpensive species. However, keep in mind that reclaimed and old-growth lumber tends to be sold at a higher price point.

Fun Facts

RealCraft Wood Species 101 series: Douglas Fir Fun facts

Douglas fir lumber is named after David Douglas, the 19th-century botanist famous for identifying various Pacific NW plant species.

The Tacoma Dome roof was built using Douglas Fir lumber, and it is one of the most massive wood geodesic structures in the world. The wood came from the volcanic blowdown of Mount St. Helens.

Douglas Fir is a popular choice for Christmas trees.

 

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